Monday, February 19, 2007

Pembroke College, Founded 1347

Across the street, Trumpington, from Peterhouse is Pembroke College. This college was founded by Mary de St Pol, daughter of Guy de Chatillon, wife of Aymer de Valence, who was Earl of Pembroke. She received her license for the college on Christmas Eve 1347 by Edward III. Pembroke is the third oldest college in Cambridge, following Clare College which was founded in 1326. As is true of many of the colleges in Cambridge, Pembroke is built around open courts (quadrangles in Oxford) and beautiful gardens.

Various fellows of Pembroke suffered as martyrs during the Reformation period. Nicholas Ridley, after whom Ridley Hall is named, refused to renounce his Protestant faith and perished under Queen Mary I, the Catholic monarch. Americans know of a renowned graduate from Pembroke, Roger Williams, who founded Rhode Island.

On the left above is the library. To the right is the old court. Below left is the chapel which replaced the first chapel. The present chapel, designed by Christopher Wren, his first architectural commission, was put into service in 1690.

For more pictures of Pembroke click here